The two most popular commercial Air Purifiers manufactured by top brands are Ionic and HEPA. While there are some advantages and disadvantages associated with each of them, to the ordinary consumer, it is extremely hard to choose between the two.
Especially when companies are so engrossed in singing praises of their making, without talking about possible health risks or side effects.
Ionic and HEPA Air Purifiers are both ultimately designed to perform the same task, i.e., purify and improve indoor air quality. Before we can talk about the pros and cons of both Ionic and HEPA Purifiers and arrive at a conclusion about which is better among the two; let’s know the exact working of both and the features they provide to users:
Ionic Air Purifiers:
Ionic Air Purifiers are ‘filter-less’ devices. They are electronic devices that are adept at filtering large air-borne pollutants. They usually consist of charged plates that generate charged ions.
Ozone may be produced as a by-product of this Ionisation process. This Ozone is the riskiest aspect of Ionizing Air Purifiers since it has adverse effects on health with prolonged use.
Ionic Air Purifiers are excellent for filtering cigarette smoke and other harmful gasses. Ionic Air Purifiers do not have a filter, nor do they have a motor.
The ions generated from them stick to airborne pollution particles and neutralize them.
HEPA Air Purifiers:
High Energy Particulate Air Purification is an advanced technology that aims at protecting respiratory health of people against toxic airborne substances.
They can capture materials up to 0.3 microns in size. It sucks in air from the room through a dense, physical filter. It then releases fresh, clean air back into the chamber’s atmosphere by retaining all the contaminants.
They are excellent bacteria killers. True HEPA Filters are built to perform on MERV rating standards. HEPA Filters need to be frequently replaced because particles like pet dander, mold spores, allergens, and pollen get trapped in them and resist air flow.
Both Ionic Air Purifiers and HEPA Air Purifiers have their Pros and Cons. The biggest drawback of Ionic Air Purifiers is that they produce Ozone gas as a by-product which is harmful with longer use.
It is especially harmful to children and infants. HEPA Air Purifiers, on the other hand, are large devices that need to be installed in a ventilation system and need tons of power to operate.
Most middle-class families are unable to bear the expenses of using an HEPA Air Purifier. Ionic Air Purifiers are the best if you want to get rid of smoke and foul odor.
Also, it is affordable and performs efficient, basic Air Purification. However, if you want a high-end Air Purifier, go for an HEPA but be prepared to bear installation and maintenance costs.